"How effective is violence? Political scientists have recently tried tallying the successes and failures of violent and nonviolent movements. The evidence is piling up that Gandhi was right—at least on average…Just think of the failed independence movements in Puerto Rico, Ulster, Quebec, Basque Country, Kurdistan, and Tamil Eelam. The success rate of terrorist movements is, at best, in the single digits."
Lavin speaker Steven Pinker, author of The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined, writing about why violence doesn’t work in The Atlantic.